VAB-6: An effective chemotherapy regimen for patients with germ-cell tumors
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
One hundred sixty-six patients with germ-cell tumors (GCT) of the testis, retroperitoneum, and mediastinum were treated with cyclophosphamide, vinblastine, bleomycin, dactinomycin, and cisplatin (VAB-6), with and without maintenance chemotherapy. The overall complete response (CR) rate was 78%, 67% to chemotherapy alone, and 11% after chemotherapy and resection of viable residual cancer. The CR rate in all patients with seminoma was uniformly high, while the CR rate of patients with testicular nonseminomatous germ-cell tumors (79%) was superior to that of similar tumors of extragonadal origin (60%). The overall relapse rate was 12%, and was greater in tumors of extragonadal origin (21%) than in those of testicular origin (11%). Three relapses occurred after 2 years. Maintenance chemotherapy did not prolong either relapse-free or total survival. Toxicity was tolerable, and there were no treatment deaths. No Raynaud's phenomena have occurred, with a minimum duration since start of therapy of 36 months. VAB-6 is an effective chemotherapy regimen in patients with GCT with no treatment-related deaths and a majority of patients requiring only 3 months of treatment.