Secretions of anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein antibodies by B cells from patients with neuropathy and nonmalignant monoclonal gammopathy
Fibroblast Growth Factor 10
Four patients with peripheral neuropathy and nonmalignant monoclonal gammopathy with anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) antibodies were studied to determine whether secretion of anti-MAG IgM antibodies by B cells was autonomous, or whether the monoclonal B cells were responsive to T cells. Secretion of anti-MAG IgM by isolated B cells was stimulated by the addition of increasing numbers of pokeweed mitogen (PWM)-activated autologous OKT4+ helper T cells in all four patients. Secretion of anti-MAG IgM by peripheral blood lymphocytes was dependent on the ratio of OKT4+ T helper cells to OKT8+ T suppressor/cytotoxic cells. In three patients with an OKT4+ to OKT8+ T-cell ratio of 2:1, PWM activation stimulated secretion of anti-MAG IgM; in one patient with an OKT4+ to OKT8+ ratio of 1:2, activation by PWM suppressed anti-MAG IgM secretion. These studies suggest that the monoclonal B cells that secrete anti-MAG IgM are responsive to regulatory T cells.