Analysis of T-cell receptor Beta Chain (T(β)) gene rearrangements demonstrates the monoclonal nature of T-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorders
Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
We investigated the rearrangement patterns of the gene coding for the beta chain of the T cell receptor (T beta) in 11 patients with T-cell derived chronic lymphoproliferative disorders, including T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) and T-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (T-CLL). We found that all five cases of T-PLL, and five of six cases of T-CLL, displayed T beta-gene rearrangements, clearly establishing their monoclonal nature. Clonality could not be determined in one case of T-CLL where the T beta gene was found unrearranged. Our results demonstrate that the majority of cases of both clinically aggressive T-PLL and clinically indolent T-CLL are monoclonal. These results suggest that the analysis of T beta gene rearrangements represents a valid tool for the differential diagnosis and clinical monitoring of T-cell derived chronic lymphoproliferative diseases.