Effects of noradrenaline, serotonin, and selected antagonists on the vascular smooth muscle of normal and dystropic chickens
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
Muscular Dystrophy, Animal
The pathogenesis of the human muscular dystrophies is unknown, and several competing hypotheses have been proposed. The vascular hypothesis states that muscle fibre necrosis occurs in dystrophy as a result of transient muscle ischemia. Although abnormalities of the vascular system may be demonstrated in dystrophy, their role in pathogenesis remains obscure. The responses to serotonin (5-HT) and noradrenaline (NA) were examined in isolated ischiatic artery preparations from normal and genetically dystrophic chickens. The tension generated in response to 5-HT was greater in arteries from normal chickens than in arteries from dystrophic chickens, whereas responses to NA were similar. Analysis of the concentration-response relationships demonstrated that the dystrophic ischiatic artery was less sensitive to 5-HT than was the normal artery, although the sensitivity to NA was similar in both vessels. The results of this study are not consistent with the view that muscle fibre necrosis in avian dystrophy is a consequence of muscle anoxia. These data do demonstrate pharmacological differences between dystrophic avian arteries and arteries from normal chickens, but their presence may represent merely the expression of dystrophy in vascular smooth muscle.