The serologic response of patients with stage II melanoma to allogeneic melanoma cell vaccines
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Seventeen patients with Stage II malignant melanoma were treated with vaccines prepared from three allogeneic melanoma cell lines in an attempt to induce a humoral immune response against melanoma cell surface antigens. The patients were free of detectable melanoma at the time of vaccination. Vaccines were prepared from three melanoma cell lines that expressed highly restricted melanocyte differentiation antigens. One of these cell lines also expressed an antigen found only on this particular line. The antigens were initially identified by antibodies in autologous serum; they were thus known to be recognized by the human immune system. In addition, two of the cell lines expressed HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DR antigens; no HLA antigens were detectable on the third line. The vaccines were administered sequentially by subcutaneous injection, mixed with bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) or Corynebacterium parvum. The patients' sera were tested for antibodies against cell surface antigens of the vaccine cells in protein A assays and immune adherence assays, and the specificity of observed reactions was defined by absorption tests. Antibodies against alloantigens of the vaccine cells developed in 16 patients and in 15 patients, against antigens related to fetal calf serum in the culture medium. The magnitude of the antibody response to alloantigens varied considerably, with no difference between patients who received BCG or C. parvum with their vaccines. Antibodies against the restricted melanocyte differentiation antigens or the unique melanoma antigen expressed by the vaccine cells were not detected.