Vertebral artery injury and cerebellar stroke while swimming: Case report
A twenty-five year old woman suffered the acute onset of dysequilibrium followed by headache, nausea, vomiting, vertigo, and slurred speech while swimming. Brain imaging revealed a right cerebellar infarct. Intravenous digital subtraction angiography showed a hypoplastic right vertebral artery and focal narrowing of the dominant left vertebral at the level of the C1-C2 junction. The patient was treated with aspirin and dipyridamole and immobilized for two weeks. She achieved almost complete recovery. Repeat angiography showed resolution of the left vertebral artery defect. Other cases of posterior circulation infarction associated with head turning during sports and ordinary activities are reviewed.