Abnormal interaction of the human apolipoprotein A-I variant [Lys107→0] with high density lipoproteins
Several isoforms of apoprotein A-I [apoA-I], the major apoprotein of high density lipoproteins [HDL], have been described. We compared the in vivo and in vitro properties of normal human apoA-I with those of apoA-I [Lys107----0]. Fluorescence and circular dichroic spectra showed that deletion of Lys107 decreases apoprotein self-association. In vivo metabolic studies in the rat indicated that the interaction of apoA-I [Lys107----0] with HDL was lower than normal. We conclude that deletion of Lys107 results in a reorganization of the apoprotein structure that decreases its potential to form hydrophobic associations.