13-Cis-retinoic acid does not increase the true remission rate and the duration of true remission (induced by cytotoxic chemotherapy) in patients with chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Treatment of chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia with hydroxyurea or busulfan rarely induces cytogenetic (true) remissions. Intensive chemotherapy induces brief true remissions in approximately 50% of patients. We added 13-cis-retinoic acid to daunorubicin, cytosine arabinoside, and thioguanine to determine if it could increase the incidence and duration of remission induced by cytotoxic chemotherapy. Of the 17 evaluable patients, one patient (6%) achieved complete remission, and seven patients (41%) achieved partial remissions. The median duration of remission was 1.6 months. We conclude that 13-cis-retinoic acid does not increase the incidence and duration of remission in chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia.