Hemodynamic effect of hydralazine in interstitial lung disease patients with cor pulmonale. Immediate and short-term evaluation at rest and during exercise
Pulmonary Heart Disease
Hydralazine was administered short-term to 13 patients who had stable interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH); mean pulmonary arterial pressure ( [PAP]=26 +/- 9 mm Hg), and cor pulmonale (CP). All patients were studied at rest and during exercise. After intravenous hydralazine at rest, there were statistically significant increases in cardiac index (CI) (p less than 0.001), arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) (p less than 0.01), and mixed venous saturation (S-vO2) (p less than 0.01). Pulmonary vascular resistance (Rp) (p less than 0.005) and systemic resistance (Rs) decreased (p less than 0.001), and PAP did not change. During exercise, PAP did not change; however, CI (p less than 0.01), PaO2 (p less than 0.001), and S-vO2 (p less than 0.01) increased further. The increase in Rp was significantly reduced (p less than 0.01). After continuation of oral hydralazine therapy in 12 patients for 7 days, PAP at rest was not statistically different from control; Rp and Rs remained decreased (p less than 0.001). The same results were found for CI, PaO2, S-vO2, and Rs during exercise. Although PAP did not change from control values, the drug significantly reduced the increase in Rp (p less than 0.005). Vasodilator therapy with hydralazine could be useful in patients with stable ILD who have inflammation with minimal to moderate fibrosis and PAH and might be used as an adjunct to conventional therapy for ILD and CP.