Radiation brain damage induced by interstitial 125I sources: A canine model evaluated by quantitative computed tomography
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
The canine brain is a good model of the human brain for studying radiation damage after megavoltage x-irradiation for brain tumors. We have further developed this model to study radiation damage induced by high activity interstitial 125I sources. Removable 125I sources were implanted in normal canine brains, and doses of 1,000 to 10,000 rads were delivered to a reference point at a 10-mm radius from the source; dose rates were 35 to 40 rads/hour at the reference point. Serial quantitative analysis of tissue damage (tissue density and contrast enhancement) was done using computed tomographic scanning up to 6 months after implantation and was compared to histopathological findings after the animals were killed. At doses greater than 19,000 rads (i.e., inside the reference point), frank coagulation necrosis was observed. Pronounced vessel-related changes, manifest as areas of contrast enhancement, corresponded to tissues receiving a minimum of 6,000 rads and a maximum of 19,000 rads. These results indicate that this model can be used in serial noninvasive studies to quantify the development of damage induced by interstitial irradiation and to provide dose-response information in individual animals.