Complex arrhythmias in mitral regurgitation with and without mitral valve prolapse: Contrast to arrhythmias in mitral valve prolapse without mitral regurgitation
Atrial and ventricular arrhythmias were characterized by ambulatory electrocardiography in 31 patients with nonischemic mitral regurgitation (MR), 17 of whom had echocardiographic evidence of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and 14 of whom had other causes of MR. Frequent and complex arrhythmias were common and equally prevalent in each MR subgroup, whether or not MVP was present. Multiform ventricular ectopy was found in 77% (24 of 31), ventricular couplets in 61% (19 of 31), and ventricular salvos or ventricular tachycardia in 35% (11 of 31) of patients with MR. Arrhythmias in patients with MR were significantly more prevalent than in 63 patients with MVP who had no evidence of MR. Among patients with MVP, excess arrhythmias associated with MR were most striking with respect to frequent ventricular premature complexes (41% with MR vs 3% without MR), multiform ventricular ectopic activity (88% vs 43%), ventricular couplets (65% vs 6%), and ventricular salvos or ventricular tachycardia (35% vs 5%) (p less than 0.005 for each comparison). These data demonstrate that complex arrhythmias are common in patients with nonischemic MR irrespective of etiology, and that these arrhythmias are more strongly associated with hemodynamically important MR than with MVP alone.