Left ventricular cellular hypertrophy in pressure- and volume-overload valvular heart disease Academic Article Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation
  • Image Enhancement
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine
  • Mitral Valve
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

abstract

  • To determine the dependence of myocyte hypertrophy in chronic valvular heart disease on the site and type of lesion, the myocardium was studied from 11 patients with either pressure-overload hypertrophy (PO; four patients with aortic stenosis and two with mixed aortic stenosis/insufficiency) or pure volume-overload hypertrophy (VO; two patients with mitral regurgitation and three with aortic insufficiency). These patients, all without coronary artery disease, died zero to 34 days after valve replacement surgery. Diameters of 25 longitudinally oriented myocytes in the circular midwall myocardium were measured with a calibrated light microscope eyepiece reticle on each of five transmural, transverse, histologic sections from the apical, anterolateral, posterolateral, anteroseptal, and posteroseptal left ventricle. Statistical analysis by modified two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) demonstrated that mean myocyte size (based on 125 measurements) varied widely among cases but was not statistically different among sites. The myocyte diameter for PO lesions (25.9 +/- 1.1 micron, mean +/- SEM) was significantly greater (P less than 0.05) than that for pure VO lesions (20.4 +/- 0.7 micron), despite equal relative heart weights (measured/predicted from body weight: 2.5 +/- 0.2 [mean +/- SD] versus 2.5 +/- 0.5). This study suggests that 1) cellular hypertrophy in valvular heart disease occurs uniformly throughout the left ventricular myocardium; and 2) mean myocyte diameters are greater in PO than in VO hypertrophy for equivalent cardiac enlargement.

publication date

  • January 1984

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/S0046-8177(84)80147-1

PubMed ID

  • 6236142

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 860

end page

  • 5

volume

  • 15

number

  • 9