Lack of association between dermal arches and mitral valve prolapse: Relation to anxiety
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) has been reported to be associated with an increased frequency of dermal arches. To determine whether dermal arches are associated with MVP, 42 patients with echocardiographic (echo) MVP (probands) and 140 first-degree relatives in their families, including 48 with and 92 without MVP, were studied. Seventy-five, subjects with neither MVP nor blood relation to probands served as control subjects. Among the female probands, 6.9% had arches and among the males, 3.8% had arches. The proportion of arches was lower among female control subjects (4.0%) but higher among male control subjects (7.9%) (neither difference being significant [NS]). Among the relatives, 7.1% of the women with MPV and 4.6% of the women without MVP had arches (NS). Five percent of the men with MVP and 6.3% without MVP had arches (NS). No association existed between the occurrence of cardiovascular symptoms in patients and family members with MVP and presence of dermal arches, but a high proportion of probands with elevated trait anxiety without panic disorder had 4 or more dermal arches. These findings do not support a direct association of dermal arches with MVP.