Nutritional status and bacterial binding in the lower respiratory tract in patients with chronic tracheostomy Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Respiratory System
  • Tracheotomy

abstract

  • Patients with chronic tracheostomy often develop tracheobronchial colonization with enteric gram-negative bacilli, especially Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but pathogenic mechanisms are largely unknown. To examine this problem, we measured in-vitro bacterial adherence to airway epithelial cells from the tracheal surfaces of 15 patients with chronic tracheostomy and 18 healthy, noncolonized controls without tracheostomy. Patients with tracheostomy had more tracheal cell adherence (7.3 +/- 0.4 [SE] bacteria/cell) than controls (4.8 +/- 0.7 bacteria/cell; p = 0.008), but patients colonized by Pseudomonas species had even more binding (9.0 +/- 0.06 bacteria/cell) than those without this finding (5.8 +/- 0.8 bacteria/cell; p = 0.008). Differences between patients in lower airway cell binding of bacteria were largely related to a multifactorial assessment of patient nutritional status, the prognostic nutritional index (r = 0.67, p = 0.005). Thus, nutritional status may account in part for the common problem of tracheobronchial colonization with gram-negative bacteria in patients with chronic tracheostomy.

publication date

  • August 9, 1984

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 6426358

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 795

end page

  • 800

volume

  • 100

number

  • 6