Systolic blood pressure responses to enalapril maleate (MK 421, an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor) and hydrochlorothiazide in conscious Dahl salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Systolic blood pressure responses to enalapril maleate (MK 421, a new angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (CEI] and hydrochlorothiazide (HTZ) were studied in conscious Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) and salt-resistant (DR) rats maintained on a high salt (8.0% NaCl) and a normal salt (0.4% NaCl) diet. The DS rats were severely hypertensive after 3 weeks on the high salt diet whereas the systolic blood pressure (SBP) of the DR rats were normotensive. Oral treatment with enalapril (15-100 mg X kg-1 X day-1) and HTZ (60-400 mg X kg-1 X day-1) caused a significant reduction of SBP in the DS rats with the high salt diet (P less than 0.001); however, this was not observed until after 4 weeks of treatment when the dosage was 30 and 150 mg X kg-1 X day-1, respectively. Furthermore, enalapril therapy alone significantly reduced the SBP of all groups of rats regardless of diet or Dahl strain (P less than 0.001), but this was not observed until the end of the 7th week of therapy in DR rats on 8.0% NaCl and the end of the 3rd week of therapy for DR and DS rats on 0.4% NaCl. These results suggest that enalapril may lower SBP by mechanisms other than those related to an action as a CEI.