The potential impact of nuclear magnetic resonance imaging on cardiovascular diagnosis
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is used to generate cross-sectional images of the human body that show excellent anatomic and functional definition. The NMR imaging process involves interactions between electromagnetic fields and the hydrogen nuclei being imaged. These interactions occur on time scales of milliseconds to seconds. Consequently, the motion of these nuclei, for instance, when carried by blood, produces distinct signatures that are used to assess flow in major vessels. Myocardial dyskinesis also produces visible effects. Because of these effects, NMR imaging may be a safe and effective tool in the diagnosis and assessment of cardiovascular disease.