Different interferon-inducing ability of human adenovirus types in chick embryo cells
Human adenovirus (Ad) types differ in their ability to induce interferon (IFN) in chick cells. Of 12 types investigated, Ad8, Ad12, Ad 18 and Ad 31 proved to be more effective IFN inducers than Ad2, Ad3, Ad4, Ad5, Ad6, Ad7, Ad15 and Ad19. Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation decreased the IFN-inducing ability of the more effective inducers only, indicating that transcription of viral DNA might play a role in IFN induction by these types. DNAs isolated from Ad2, Ad5 and Ad12 alike induced low amounts of IFN in chick cells. The IFN-inducing capacity of phage DNA was similar to that of adenovirus DNA, but induction by non-viral DNA (prokaryotic and eukaryotic) did not result in detectable IFN production. It is assumed that viral DNA and virus particles promote IFN production in different ways. Probably the viral component responsible for IFN induction by the effective Ad types differs from those having lower IFN-inducing ability.