Myelin-associated glycoprotein is the antigen for a monoclonal IgM in polyneuropathy
Nervous System Diseases
Recent studies show that IgM monoclonal antibody from patients with IgM paraproteinemia and peripheral neuropathy reacts with a protein component of human PNS myelin and an analogous component or components of human CNS myelin. We have now demonstrated that the antigen for this antibody is a specific glycoprotein component of myelin, referred to as myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG). Human PNS and CNS myelin proteins were separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis on pore-gradient slabs, and MAG was identified by the immuno-electroblot procedure with rabbit anti-MAG (rat). The identical band(s) were stained by an analogous procedure with patient serum as the first antibody. Human PNS MAG had an apparent molecular weight of 107,000. Human CNS MAG appeared as three bands: 113,000, 107,000, and 92,000. Passage of myelin proteins through a concanavalin A-Sepharose column removed the staining component. Purified patient IgM, added to a lithium diiodosalicylate extract of myelin, immunoprecipitated MAG. This antibody also cross-reacted with MAG from bovine CNS, but not from rabbit, rat, or mouse.