Regulation of arachidonic acid metabolism by macrophage activation Academic Article Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Amphotericin B
  • Antiprotozoal Agents
  • Leishmaniasis, Visceral


  • Levels of zymosan-induced arachidonic acid (20:4) metabolism by peritoneal macrophages elicited with inflammatory agents and resident macrophages were similar. Thyioglycollate (THIO)-elicited macrophages represented the exception; however, the diminished metabolism by these cells was reproduced by exposing resident cells to 5 mg/ml THIO broth in vitro. In contrast, reduced prostaglandin synthesis by macrophages from mice variously treated with the immunologic agents, Corynebacterium parvum or Bacille Calmette GuĂ©rin (BCG), closely correlated with enhanced antitoxoplasma activity, one measure of macrophage activation. This relationship, although not causative, suggested that the capacity for 20:4 metabolism is a function of the macrophage activation state. Modulation of macrophage 20:4 metabolism in vivo apparently required factors in addition to lymphocyte-derived products. Treatment of resident macrophages in vitro with BCG lymphokine was without effect on 20:4 release or prostaglandin synthesis. Activated macrophages from animals inoculated i.p. with C. parvum exhibited reduced 20:4 release and also failed to metabolize 70% of the 20:4 released in response to a zymosan stimulus. Consequently, the quantities of 20:4 metabolites formed were significantly less than expected from 20:4 release. These activated macrophages displayed greatly reduced synthesis of prostacylcin and leukotriene C compared with other 20:4 metabolites. It appeared that factors that regulate macrophage 20:4 metabolism influence the level of the inducible phospholipase and synthetic enzymes for specific 20:4 oxygenated products.

publication date

  • June 1982



  • Academic Article


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1084/jem.155.4.1148

PubMed ID

  • 6801185

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1148

end page

  • 60


  • 155


  • 4