Human T-cell malignancies. Correlative clinical, histopathologic, immunologic, and cytochemical analysis of 23 cases
Twenty-three T-cell neoplasms were investigated for their reactivity with the OKT monoclonal antibodies and expression of certain cytochemical markers. Fourteen neoplasms with diverse histopathologic features, T-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia, mycosis fungoides, the Sézary syndrome, T-immunoblastic sarcoma, and a pleomorphic large-cell lymphoma, expressed the T helper cell phenotype, OKT3+T4+. Nine other neoplasms displayed marked inter- and intra- tumor heterogeneity. Seven of these cases, lymphoblastic lymphoma, T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and tumors with feature of T-immunoblastic sarcoma or the multilobated lymphoma of Pinkus, expressed intrathymic phenotypes. The other 2 cases, a lymphoblastic lymphoma and a so-called Lennert's lymphoma, expressed the previously undescribed OKT3+T10+ phenotype. These studies demonstrate that the T-cell malignancies are divisible into phenotypes corresponding to normal maturational stages of T-cell differentiation and functionally distinct T-cell subsets. Such studies should provide a basis for understanding the biologic heterogeneity, clinical diversity, and significance of the variable cytomorphologic characteristics of T-cell malignant tumors and assist in the further delineation of normal human T-cell heterogeneity.