Characterization of two newly established human cell lines from patients with large‐cell anaplastic lung carcinoma
Two permanent cell lines, designated LU-65 and SK-Luci-6, were established from large-cell anaplastic lung cancers of two patients. Both cell lines grew as solid tumors in nude mice. The histologic pattern of the tumors in the nude mouse resembled that of the primary lung cancers in that the xeno-transplanted tissues showed no distinctive features indicative of cell type, a finding consistent with origin from a large-cell anaplastic lung cancer. Cells from both lines formed clones in semisolid agar. Flow cytometric analysis of SK-Luci-6 showed a hypertriploid stemline with a very high RNA-index. Line LU-65 had a hyperdiploid stemline evolving into a hypertriploid stemline with a high RNA-index. Chromosome analysis showed aneuploidy with abnormalities and marker chromosomes in both tumor cell lines. The isoenzyme pattern of LU-65 and Sk-Luci-6 indicated that they were of human origin and distinct from HeLa cells or another common contaminating line. Both cell lines released biologically active agents that could have caused the neutrophilia and hypercalcemia seen in the patients.