Colocalization of α-Neo-endorphin and dynorphin immunoreactivity in hypothalamic neurons
Primary Graft Dysfunction
Evidence is presented for a concomitant storage of α-Neo-endorphin and dynorphin immunoreactivities in neurons of the rat brain. Antisera were raised against the structurally related opioid peptides dynorphin(1-17) and α-Neo-endorphin. Both antisera were highly specific for their respective antigen. Thus, the α-Neo-endorphin antisera did not crossreact with dynorphin and the dynorphin antisera did not crossreact with α-Neo-endorphin. Both antisera were also not cross-reactive with leu-enkephalin which is contained within the sequence of both dynorphin and α-Neo-endorphin. The antisera were used for immunofluorescent staining of frozen sections through brains from rats which had been treated with colchicine 48 hours prior to death. Both antisera revealed strong and specific immunoreactivities of magnocellular neurons in the supraoptic, retrochiasmatic supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei. Neuronal fiber systems in various areas of the brain were also labeled by the two antisera. Consecutive immunostaining of the same sections, first with dynorphin antisera and - after electrophoretic elution of the antibodies - with α-Neo-endorphin antisera or vice versa, showed that immunoreactivities for the two peptides are contained within the same hypothalamic magnocellular neurons. The neuronal fiber systems for α-Neo-endorphin and dynorphin also showed a close overlap. These studies demonstrating colocalization raise the question as to whether the two peptides have a common origin from a single precursor molecule. © 1981.
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