Complement-fixing antiperipheral nerve myelin antibodies in patients with inflammatory polyneuritis and with polyneuropathy and paraproteinemia
Complement Fixation Tests
Nervous System Diseases
Serum from patients with peripheral neuropathies was tested for antiperipheral nerve myelin antibodies by complement fixation. Antibody activity was detected in 5 of 20 patients with acute or chronic remitting polyneuritis and in 4 of 20 patients with polyneuropathy and paraproteinemia but not in patients with other types of neuropathy, neurologic disease, or immunologic disease. In three patients with IgM paraproteinemia, the complement-fixing activity resided in the IgM fraction; in one patient with chronic inflammatory polyneuritis, antibody activity resided in the IgG fraction. In the inflammatory polyneuropathies, antibody titers did not always correlate with disease activity. Sera from patients with remitting polyneuropathies reacted with either human or rabbit peripheral nerve myelin, but sera from patients with paraproteinemia reacted only with human myelin.