Acetylated and nonacetylated forms of β-endorphin in rat brain and pituitary
Primary Graft Dysfunction
Extracts of rat posterior intermediate pituitary and extracts of brains from normal and hypophysectomized rats were separated by gel filtration chromatography and fractions were analyzed by both a classical β-endorphin radioimmunoassay and by a radioimmunoassay specific for α-N-acetyl β-endorphin. In posterior intermediate pituitary extracts, more than 90 percent of the β-endorphin-sized immunoreactive material was α-N-acetylated. In extracts of brains from normal rats, less than 2 percent of the β-endorphin-sized immunoreactive material corresponded to α-N-acetylβ-endorphin, whereas in brains from hypophysectomized animals, no α-N-acetylβ-endorphin-like material could be detected. Immunofluorescence on normal brain sections, using either affinity purified antibodies to α-N-acetylβ-endorphin or conventional β-endorphin antibodies, showed no α-N-acetylβ-endorphin immunoreactivity in β-endorphin neurons. Only in brain sections which had been acetylated in vitro prior to immunostaining could α-N-acetylβ-endorphin-like material be detected in the β-endorphin neurons. These results suggest that-in contrast to the cells in the intermediate lobe of the pituitary-the β-endorphin in brain neurons is not α-N-acetylated and that the small amount of α-N-acetyl β-endorphin which can be found in extracts of brains from normal animals is probably of pituitary origin. © 1981.
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