Fibromuscular disease of carotid arteries: Long term results of graduated internal dilatation
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Carotid Artery Diseases
From 1967 to 1979, 25 patients (pts) were operated on for fibromuscular disease (FMD) of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Eleven patients (44%) had transient weakness of an extremity, 4 had amaurosis fugax and 6 (24%) had an asymptomatic carotid bruit. Bilateral carotid arteriography showed significant stenotic lesions in 23 pts (92%) (bilateral in 10), arterial dissection in 1, and severe associated atherosclerosis with ICA endarterectomy and graduated internal dilatation (GID) (9 bilateral); 2 underwent GID with ICA endarterectomy and patch graft: 1 pt had tube graft replacement of the ICA. There was no operative mortality. One pt had a stroke during operation after tube graft replacement of the ICA. Of the 19 pts followed for 2 to 12 years (mean 7.3 years), 2 had late recurrence of mild symptoms. One pt required GID of the contralateral ICA recurrence of symptoms 4 years postoperatively. Graduated internal dilatation of fibromuscular disease of the internal carotid artery can produce long term relief of symptoms; recurrence is rare.