Combination chemotherapy and radiotherapy for acute lymphocytic leukemia in adults: Results of CALGB protocol 7113
Janus Kinase 2
One hundred and forty-nine adult patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) were treated with protocol defined combination chemotherapy-radiotherapy by 25 member institutions of the Cancer and Leukemia Group B. Induction of remission was attempted with vincristine (V), prednisone (P), L-asparaginase (A), with or without intrathecal methotrexate (IT-MTX) and followed by daunorubicin (D) in those patients not in complete remission after 4 weeks. The overall complete remission (CR) rate was 72%; daunorubicin was needed to achieve CR in 20 of the 107 remitting patients. The administration of IT-MTX during remission induction, especially when given simultaneously with A, was found to increase toxicity without therapeutic benefit. Remissions were maintained with either parenteral courses of 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP), and methotrexate (MTX), plus intermittent doses of V, P, and bis-β-chloroethylnitrosourea(BCNU) or with daily oral 6-MP, weekly oral MTX, and periodic VP reinforcements. All patients remaining in remission for 3 months or longer received CNS chemoradiotherapy. Median remission duration was 15 months. Continuous oral maintenance proved at least equivalent to intermittent parenteral remission therapy. Median survival was 17 months for all patients and 29 months for qualified patients achieving CR. Frequency and duration of response, and duration of survival were independent of age between ages 30 and 60. Above age 60 the prognosis is significantly less good. Thirty-two percent of the responders (life table estimate) remain in continuous first remission at 5 y. Toxicity was acceptable, except for an excessive frequency and severity of infections: (1) when V, P. A, and IT-MTX were given simultaneously; and (2) early in remission when full doses of maintenance chemotherapy were employed prior to complete recovery of normal bone marrow function. Results of treatment of ALL in adults have improved markedly during the last decade but lag behind those observed in children for reasons as yet unexplained. © 1980.
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