Bacterial invasion of pulmonary vessels. Pseudomonas bacteremia mimicking pulmonary thromboembolism with infarction
Pseudomonas aeruginosa displays a curious propensity for invading blood vessels and causing vessel wall necrosis. This bacteremia-related "vasculitis" is often associated with hemorrhagic necrosis and infarction of surrounding organ parenchyma. With the exception of skin lesions, however, clinical manifestations of Ps. aeruginosa vasculitis seldom occur. In the patient we describe, fatal Ps. aeruginosa bacteremia was first manifested by a syndrome indistinguishable from pulmonary thromboembolism with infarction.