Axonal transport of lipid in goldfish optic axons
Protein Interaction Maps
After injection of labeled glycerol, choline, or serine into the eye of goldfish, labeled lipids were axonally transported along the optic nerve to the optic tectum. Although the different precursors were presumably incorporated into somewhat different lipid populations, all three were approximately equally effective in labeling the lipids transported to the tectum, but the amount of transported material remaining in the nerve was different, being highest with choline and lowest with serine. The labeled lipids appeared in the tectum within 6 hr of the injection, indicating a fast rate of transport, but continued to accumulate over a period of 1--2 weeks, which presumably reflects the time course of their release from the cell body. Since there was a gradual increase in the proportion of labeled lipid in the tectum during this period, some other process in addition to fast axonal transport may have affected the distribution of the lipids along the optic axons. When [3H]choline was used as precursor, the transported material included a small amount of TCA-soluble material, which was probably mainly phosphorylcholine, with labeled acetylcholine appearing in only insignificant amounts. With serine, which gave rise to a large amount of axonally transported protein in addition to lipid, a late increase in the amount of labeled lipid in the tectum was seen, accompanied by a decrease in labeling of the protein fraction.