Diagnosis and management of post‐cholecystectomy symptoms: The place of endoscopy and retrograde choledochopancreatography
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Endoscopic retrograde choledochopancreatography (ERCP) was employed in 52 patients symptomatic after cholecystectomy in whom barium meal studies and intravenous cholangiography had failed to yield a diagnosis. Cannulation of the papilla of Vater was carried out in 50 of the patients in a mean time of 10 min. Diagnostic information demonstrating a pathological lesion or a normal biliary and pancreatic ductal system was obtained by means of endoscopy and ERCP in 48 cases. There were no serious complications. A pathological lesion was demonstrated in all but one of the patients presenting with jaundice, cholangitis or pancreatitis but the diagnostic yield was not as high in patients with vague upper abdominal symptoms. Endoscopy and ERCP are the investigative procedures of first choice in complex post-cholecystectomy cases in whom intravenous cholangiography fails, gives incomplete information or suggests normality in the face of continuing symptoms or clinical evidence of residual biliary disease.