The effects of prolonged hepatic ischaemia before 70 per cent partial hepatectomy in the dog
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
The effect of prolonged normothermic ischaemia before partial hepatectomy was assessed in 10 dogs. During the period of ischaemia, portal decompression was maintained. The survival rate for animals undergoing 75 minutes of total liver ischaemia was 60 per cent and 2 of the dogs died as a result of hypoglycaemia. High levels of alkaline phosphatase and transaminases in the survivors indicated a severe degree of hepatocyte damage. However, complete restoration of liver mass was noted 6 weeks after partial hepatectomy and was not impaired by the prolonged ischaemia. This study confirms the resistance of the dog liver to ischaemia before partial hepatectomy. The critical period beyond which ischaemia is followed by an increasing number of deaths and severe metabolic upset is in the region of 1 hours.