Candida arthritis. A manifestation of disseminated candidiasis
Fungal infections infrequently involve the joints. Review of the literature reveals that Candida arthritis is rare, that it is usually a complication of disseminated candidiasis and that it occurs as a primary joint infection without spread from adjacent osteomyelitis. In the patient we describe Candida arthritis and bursitis of separate joints developed as a late manifestation of disseminated infection following "transient" C. tropicalis fungemia. Treatment consisting of aspiration and parenteral amphotericin B eradicated the joint infection without the need for surgery. Bursectomy, however, was required to eradicate the bursal infection. Awareness of this as well as other late complications of candidemia which signify disseminated infection is important. Optimal therapy will be determined only by further clinical experience with this unusual manifestation of Candida infection.