Influence of cephalosporin antibiotics on blood coagulation and platelet function
Administration of cephalothin to normal volunteers in maximal doses of 300 mg/kg per day resulted in a combined defect of platelet function and blood coagulation. No such abnormalities were evident after infusion of cefazolin or cephapirin at a maximal dosage of 200 mg/kg per day. The observed thrombocytopathy was similar to but less severe than that induced by carbenicillin or ticarcillin and was not reflected by a prolonged bleeding time test or impaired prothrombin consumption. Moreover, it was not a consistent finding in those persons receiving cephalothin. A separate defect involving blood coagulation appeared to result from delayed fibrinogen-fibrin polymerization and was evidenced by extended values of the activated partial thromboplastin and thrombin time tests. It remains uncertain whether the abnormalities described may constitute clinically important hemostatic disorders in patients with normal renal function receiving large doses of cephalosporin antibiotics.