An analysis of the action of cations of the lanthanide series on the mechanical responses of guinea pig ileal longitudinal muscle Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Metals, Rare Earth
  • Muscle Contraction
  • Muscle, Smooth

abstract

  • 1. The inhibitory effects of lanthanide cations (Ln3+) on mechanical responses and 45Ca uptake in guinea-pig ileal longitudinal smooth muscle were studied. 2. Ln3+ strongly inhibited the phasic and tonic component of the response to the muscarinic agonist cis-2-methyl-4-dimethylaminomethyl-1,3-dioxolane methiodide (CD) the two components being affected to the same extent. Inhibition was also obtained for the responses evoked by high K+ but here the effect was mainly on the phasic response, the tonic component was merely delayed. 3. Other members of the Ln3+ series, with the exception of cerium, were found to be more effective than lanthanum in their ability to inhibit the CD response. Thulium, Tm3+, the thirteenth member of the series was the most effective cation. 4. Analysis of 170Tm uptake revealed at least two components. The concentration-dependence of one component, saturating at 2-5 x 10(-6) Tm, corresponded closely to that of the inhibitory effect of Tm3+ on contraction. 5. 170Tm uptake as a function of time showed a secondary rise after 30 min of exposure to the lanthanide. 6. Although 2-5 x 10(-6) M-Tm3+ produced 90% inhibition of the CD and the high K+ induced responses significant reduction of 45Ca uptake by the muscle was only detected when much higher Tm3+ concentrations (greater than or equal 10(-3) M-Tm3+) were used. 7. It is concluded that Ln3+ combine with membrane sites specifically involved in Ca2+ translocation during excitation-contraction coupling.

publication date

  • January 1976

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC1309178

PubMed ID

  • 1249741

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 39

end page

  • 54

volume

  • 254

number

  • 1