Esophageal Varices: Development Secondary to Primary and Metastatic Liver Tumors Academic Article Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  • Electric Countershock
  • Heart Massage
  • Myocardial Infarction


  • A retrospective analysis over a 20-year period at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center disclosed 17 cases of portal hypertension and esophageal varices with welldocumented metastatic liver disease as the primary cause. In an additional two cases, metastatic liver tumor was presumed to be the cause of the esophageal varices; four patients had portal vein obstruction, and four had both tumor and cirrhosis. Of these patients, 65% bled from their varices and 47% developed hepatic coma. Although a relatively rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in our hospital patient population, portal hypertension and esophageal varices should be considered in patients with massive metastatic liver disease or primary liver tumor. © 1974, American Medical Association. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • January 1974



  • Academic Article


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1001/archinte.1974.00320190052007

PubMed ID

  • 4365669

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 50

end page

  • 1


  • 134


  • 1