Non‐hodgkin's lymphomas iv. clinicopathologic correlation in 405 cases Academic Article Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Lung Diseases, Fungal
  • Respiratory Insufficiency

abstract

  • An analysis is presented of the histopathologic, clinical, and prognostic features in a series of 405 previously untreated patients with non‐Hodgkin's lymphomas referred to Stanford University Medical Center between 1960 and 1971. All biopsies were histologically classified according to the criteria of Rappaport et al. and clinical extent of disease was thoroughly evaluated prior to treatment and staged according to the Ann Arbor Classification. Nodular lymphomas constituted 44% of the group and diffuse lymphomas 56%. Patients under the age of 35 years and those over 60 tended to have diffuse lymphomas. Although 39% of the patients had Stage IV disease at presentation, localized forms (Stage I, IE, II, IIE) were observed in 37%. Localized extralymphatic involvement occurred more often in patients with diffuse than nodular lymphomas (p < 0.001). Systemic symptoms occurred in 24% of patients with diffuse and 17% of those with nodular lymphomas; however, their presence did not adversely affect survival. Mediastinal adenopathy was noted in 24% of diffuse and 18% of nodular lymphomas (P = NS), and mediastinal “skipping” was observed in 20% of diffuse and 40% of nodular lymphomas (p < 0.05). By the criteria used, 81% of evaluable patients (Stages II through IIIE) with nodular lymphoma and 90% of those with diffuse lymphoma had contiguous sites of involvement (p = 0.07). Two frequently observed sites of initial extralymphatic involvement were bone marrow and gastrointestinal; the former was observed more often in advanced lymphocytic lymphomas, whether nodular or diffuse, and the latter in advanced, diffuse lymphomas. Actuarial survival correlated strongly with the histopathologic type of lymphoma; in each cellular category, patients with nodular lymphomas survived significantly longer than those with diffuse lymphomas (p < 0.05). Age at presentation also influenced survival in relation to certain histologic patterns. Patients with diffuse lymphocytic or mixed lymphomas who were less than 40 years of age had a worse prognosis than those over 40 (p = 0.02). In contrast, older patients with nodular lymphocytic and mixed lymphomas fared worse than those under 40 (p < 0.01). Patients with either initial bone marrow or gastrointestinal involvement survived longer if their lymphoma had a nodular pattern. It is concluded that histopathologic classification proposed by Rappaport et al. and the Ann Arbor Staging Classification are both useful guides to the management and prognosis of the non‐Hodgkin's lymphomas. Copyright © 1973 American Cancer Society

publication date

  • January 1973

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/1097-0142(197304)31:4<806::AID-CNCR2820310408>3.0.CO;2-1

PubMed ID

  • 4574662

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 806

end page

  • 23

volume

  • 31

number

  • 4