Parental practices and the development of moral judgment and self-image disparity during adolescence
The parents (58 fathers and 70 mothers) of 104 10th graders completed the Block Child-Rearing Practices Report and a brief parental survey questionnaire; the adolescents were administered the Defining Issues Test. It was found that higher self-image disparity, more positive ideal self-image, and less positive real self-image were related to a higher level of moral judgment. Parental practices that emphasized unilateral respect or that were nonnurturant were related to a lower level of moral judgment and to less emphasis on postconventional judgments. Among boys, higher self-image disparity was related to authoritarian child-rearing practices. Among girls, a more positive ideal self-image was related to father's emphasis on control and supervision and the mother's emphasis on control of sex and aggression. Findings are discussed in terms of sex-role stereotyping, cognitive-developmental factors of self-image, and the importance of opportunities for autonomous functioning in the elaboration of moral judgment. (34 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). © 1981 American Psychological Association.
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