Gail Ross   Associate Professor

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Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of Birth Asphyxiated Infants Who Received Treatment with Hypothermia (w JM Perlman, MD)

This research examines the relationship between perinatal and treatment variables on the neurologic, cognitive, and language development of 80 birth asphyxiated children treated with hypothermia shortly after birth. Perinatal variables include cord pH levels, aEEGs, Apgar scores, head MRI scans, and onset of REM sleep. Children are evaluated at 18 months post-term and 3 years old with standard neurologic examination, neurocognitive and behavioral measures. Preliminary findings show that initial pH levels < 7.0 and extent of brain injury on MRI predict outcome; despite, sever asphyxia at birth, approximately half of the children studied so far have achieved normal outcome.

Effects of Music on Behavior of Premature Infants (w JM Perlman, MD)

Music has been shown to improve attention, mood, and cognitive functioning. This study looks at the effects of patterned classical music on the play behaviors of extremely low birth weight premature infants at 18 months of age. Children are presented with a variety of toys that they may play with at different levels of play. All children hear music half the play time and no music the other half. In this cross-over design, half of the children hear music first and half hear music in the second half of the play period. Play behaviors are recorded on video-tape and scored for level of play using a play scale, amount of attention, and activity level. Data will be analyzed to determine if music affects the developmental level of play, attention span, and amount of behavioral activity.

Sleep Patterns and Behavior in Children (w Haviva Veler, MD and Maura Frank, MD)

Sleep, the amount and type, in children has been shown to affect attention and school grades in latency aged children. Recently, there is evidence in adults that sleep patterns also affect weight gain. The aims of this study are to assess the sleep patterns in normal children ranging from 8-12 years old, who attend the Residents Group Practice Clinic; to examine the relationship between sleep patterns and behavior problems in children; and to assess the relationship between sleep patterns and weight in children. Parents will be asked to provide demographic data, including ethnicity, level or education, and occupation, and complete the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire that assess sleep patterns and behaviors, such as number of hours a child sleeps each night, sleeping during the day, and snoring. In addition, they will be asked to complete the Child Behavior Checklist, a behavior problem checklist. Children's heights, weights, and head circumferences will be obtained from their clinic visit. Data will be used to analyze the relationship between amount of sleep and sleep patterns with weight and behavior problems.


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